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SOTHA

School of Thai Healing Arts

Energetic channels: Traditional Medicine of Thailand texts , which derive from Buddhist Medicine, explain that the health of the body is dependent in part on the unobstructed flow of vital substances. The body itself is made up of the Water and Earth elements, it contains many channels or pathways, called SEN, through which the life processes flow.  The Traditional Medicine of Thailand explanation of these channels, is that they are "blood vessels, nerves, tendons and ligaments", in other words the traditional medical understanding of physiology is very similar to the modern one.

Traditional medicine also mentions a more subtle form of channel, through which a psychic energy travels, these are 10 in number and seem to be derived from Yoga theory. These channels are not physical, but are accessed through meditation. Many schools, under the patronage of the Thai government, promote a mix of the gross and the subtle energetic 10 SEN system, describing the pathways of the 10 Sen  but linking them to gross anatomical parts. However the majority of Traditional healers in Thailand do not adhere to the 10 Sen theory.

My understanding which I have gained from discourse with Somananda Yogi (a Traditional Medicine Doctor and Lerssi in tha Thai Tradition) is that there are 3 types of Gross Sen in the body.

The first is Major Sen, these are the major blood vessels and nerves, tendons and ligaments of the body

The second energy path is our Minor Sen , these are the many small nerves and blood vessels that are everywhere in the body, they are difficult to access individually but are always influenced by any changes in the body layers.

The third energy path is our Invisible sen, these are the chemical and hormonal reactions which take place in the body.

The following are the views of Tevijjo Yogi :

"The Sen have different meanings, even in Thai medicine.  There are basically 3 kinds of Sen.  The major sen, the minor sen and the invisible sen.  First, let me explain what Sen means...  Sen can be translated as a line or a strand, as in a strand of hair or a noodle.  However, Sen also mean path.  Like when someone asks which path to take...  So the translation of meridian or line is not really complete.  Pathway is a more suitable translation.  

What Sen are, are connections and pathways within the body.  

So, the major sen represent the fundamental energies in the body which give us life, keep us alive, manage our various bodies (physical, emotional, energetic, mental and spiritual).  These are much harder to affect as therapist as they are so major to the body.  However there are Lom and Access points that go along with these Sen.  Then there are the minor sen...  These are physical manifestations of one of the major sen that brings 'energy' throughout the body.  These minor sen have physical representations.  They are the nerves, arteries, veins, capillaries, tendons and fascia connections in the body which link all the different parts together.  There are large, medium and small in size.  There are also a group of therapeutic points that go along with these sen.  The Lom of these Sen is dependent upon which type we are discussing, so if we are talking about the nerves, then the lom is the electrical impulse, in the blood vessels it's the movement of the blood, in the tendons, it's contraction of the muscle...  See, this was well known to ancient people but the language they used to explain it was different.  Now we have people misunderstanding things because of language.  So, we already have different concepts of Lom in these two different kind of Sen.  The third type of Sen are invisible Sen.  These are the chemical connections in the body.  Hormones and neurotransmitters are and example of this.  In addition to this, there are what we call Wind Gates and they have an affect on the Wind in a body's channels as a whole.  So, that includes the three type of sen and three type of points.  The types of Lom are, according to the text, 108."

                                                                 -  (Private correspondance)*

In this correspondence what is referred to as the Major Sen are the psychic or subtle energy channels.

Of course all 3 energies are inter-related, it should be noted that generally Lhom Pran  is visible only when it is blocked, like a river overflowing its banks or a boulder in a stream,we notice the disruptions in the flow, more than the flow itself.

The 10 Sen

The names and directions of the 10 Sen show an affinity with Yogic concept of nadis (tubes or pipes) through which subtle energy (Prana) flows, especially the names of the 3 main Sen are almost identical in name and location to the 3 greatest Nadis.  The Yogic description of the 10 nadis as having endings in the bodily openings (eyes, ears etc) is the same as the Thai Sen. However in India the 10 nadis are little known and in Thailand there remains considerable variety in the interpretations of the Sen sip, from school to school, book to book, teacher to teacher.

The descriptions of the Sen sip according to the texts are as follows:

Sen Sumanaa

Origin: 2 fingerís distance (Aguli) above the Navel; Termination: Bottom of the tongue; Orifice: Mouth; Governs: Speech; Body Parts: Heart, Digestive, Mouth, Back, Chest, Neck, Etc.; Systems: Digestive, Circulatory (Central Vessels), Nervous (Central), Etc.; Text: Directly associated with and responsible for Speech,Taste, Digestion of Food, the health and balance of the Mind/Heart, it is the ruling energy of the main vessels and all branches. It is directly related with the Descending Aorta.

Sen Itha

Origin: 1 fingerís distance to the left of the Navel; Termination: Left nostril; Orifice: Nose; Governs: Breath; Body Parts: Nose, Sinuses, Head, Back, Knees (Left Side), Etc.; Systems: Respiratory, Spine/Muscular-Skeletal, Sexual,; Circulatory, Etc.; Text: Directly associated with and regulates: Breathing, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves, Brain and Temperature in the Body.

Sen Pingalaa

Origin: 1 fingerís distance to the right of the Navel

Termination: Right Nostril; Orifice: Nose; Governs: Breath; Body Parts: Nose, Sinuses, Head, Back, Knees (Right Side), Etc.; Systems: Respiratory, Spine/Muscular-Skeletal, Sexual, Circulatory, Etc.; Text: Directly associated with and regulates: Breathing, Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves, Brain and Temperature in the Body.

Sen Kalatharee

Origin: 1 fingerís distance above the Navel; Termination: 10 fingers and 10 toes; Orifice: Navel; Governs: Movement (In all forms, blood, nervous impulse, muscular, etc.); Body Parts:Limbs, Nerves, Muscles, Bones, Etc.; Systems: Circulatory, Muscular-Skeletal, Nervous (Peripheral); Etc.;Text:It is responsible for the function and health of the 5 limbs. It is also the Sen that is responsible for maintaining the balance and equal function of the 4 Elements.

Sen Sahatsarangsi

Origin: 3 fingerís distance to the left of the Navel; Termination: Left Eye; Orifice: Eyes; Governs: Sight; Body Parts: Chest, Lower Abdomen, Ankles, Breast, Eyes (Left Side), Etc.; Systems:Visual, Lower Musculature, Leg, Etc.; Text: Responsible for all actions of the Eye.

Sen Tawaaree

Origin: 3 fingerís distance right of the Navel; Termination: Right Eye; Orifice: Eye; Governs: Sight; Body Parts: Chest, Lower Abdomen, Ankles, Breast, Eyes (Right Side), Etc.; Systems:Visual, Lower Musculature, Leg, Etc.; Text: Responsible for all actions of the Eye.

Sen Candabhuusang (Lawusang)

Origin: 4 fingerís distance above the Navel; Termination: Left ear; Orifice: Ear; Governs: Hearing; Body Parts: Ears, Jaw, Teeth, Throat (Left Side); Systems: Auditory, Musculature in Jaw/Face, Respiratory, Etc.; Text: Responsible for all actions of the Ear.

Sen Rudang (Ulangka) (Durang)

Origin: 4 fingerís distance above the Navel; Termination: Right ear; Orifice: Ear; Governs: Hearing; Body Parts: Ears, Jaw, Teeth, Throat (Right Side); Systems: Auditory, Musculature in Jaw/Face, Respiratory, Etc.; Text: Responsible for all actions of the Ear

Sen Sikhinii (Women) Gijha (Men)

Origin: 1 . - 2 fingerís distance below the Navel and slightly to the Right;Termination:Urethra; Orifice: Urethra / Vagina; Governs: Vitality; Body Parts: Ovaries, Testes, Prostate, Uterus, Sex Organs, Bladder; Systems: Reproductive;Text: Related to the function of the Sexual Organs and the Bladder

Sen Sukhumang

Origin: 2 fingerís distance below the Navel and slightly to the left;

Termination:Anus;Orfice:Anus  Governs: Elimination; Body Parts: Lower Digestive Tract, Bladder, Kidneys, Colon, Etc; Systems: Eliminative Colon,Bladder ; Text: Regulates the flow of Energy in the Lower Orifices. Especially associated with Elimination

 

 

 

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